Most common questions asked by non-Catholics
Eucharist (Body and Blood of Jesus Christ)
Then he took the bread, said the blessing, broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which will be given for you; do this in memory of me.” And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which will be shed for you.
Whoever eats* my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him on the last day.
For my flesh is true food, and my blood is true drink.
Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me and I in him.
1 Cor 11:27-34
Therefore whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord unworthily will have to answer for the body and blood of the Lord. A person should examine himself,* and so eat the bread and drink the cup.
For anyone who eats and drinks without discerning the body, eats and drinks judgment* on himself.
That is why many among you are ill and infirm, and a considerable number are dying. If we discerned ourselves, we would not be under judgment;
but since we are judged by [the] Lord, we are being disciplined so that we may not be condemned along with the world. Therefore, my brothers, when you come together to eat, wait for one another.
If anyone is hungry, he should eat at home, so that your meetings may not result in judgment. The other matters I shall set in order when I come.
Jesus gives Peter special authority
When they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter,* “Simon, son of John, do you love me more than these?”* He said to him, “Yes, Lord, you know that I love you.” He said to him, “Feed my lambs.”
He then said to him a second time, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” He said to him, “Yes, Lord, you know that I love you.” He said to him, “Tend my sheep.”
He said to him the third time, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” Peter was distressed that he had said to him a third time, “Do you love me?” and he said to him, “Lord, you know everything; you know that I love you.” [Jesus] said to him, “Feed my sheep.
Peter gets new name
Then he brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and said, “You are Simon the son of John;* you will be called Cephas” (which is translated Peter).
Peter the Rock which Church to built on
And so I say to you, you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church,* and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it.
Peter gets Keys of Kingdom from Jesus
I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven.* Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.”
Similar powers given to other apostles but only Peter was given keys
Amen, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.
Peter to strengthen the faith of other apostles
“Simon, Simon, behold Satan has demanded to sift all of you* like wheat,
but I have prayed that your own faith may not fail; and once you have turned back, you must strengthen your brothers.”
Peter makes decisions
Acts 2:1-41, 15:7-12
Jesus answered, “Amen, amen, I say to you, no one can enter the kingdom of God without being born of water and Spirit.
not because of any righteous deeds we had done
but because of his mercy,
he saved us through the bath of rebirth
and renewal by the holy Spirit.
Or are you unaware that we who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death?We were indeed buried with him through baptism into death, so that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, we too might live in newness of life.For if we have grown into union with him through a death like his, we shall also be united with him in the resurrection.We know that our old self was crucified with him, so that our sinful body might be done away with, that we might no longer be in slavery to sin. For a dead person has been absolved from sin.
Peter [said] to them, “Repent and be baptized,* every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you will receive the gift of the holy Spirit.
For the promise is made to you and to your children and to all those far off, whomever the Lord our God will call.”
Now, why delay? Get up and have yourself baptized and your sins washed away, calling upon his name.’
1 Peter 3:20-21
who had once been disobedient while God patiently waited in the days of Noah during the building of the ark, in which a few persons, eight in all, were saved through water.
This prefigured baptism, which saves you now. It is not a removal of dirt from the body but an appeal to God* for a clear conscience, through the resurrection of Jesus Christ,
Penance (Reconciliation) - Jesus gave his apostles, power and authority to reconcile us to the Father.
And when he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them, “Receive the holy Spirit.
Whose sins you forgive are forgiven them, and whose sins you retain are retained.”
2 Cor 5:18-20
And all this is from God, who has reconciled us to himself through Christ and given us the ministry of reconciliation,
namely, God was reconciling the world to himself in Christ, not counting their trespasses against them and entrusting to us the message of reconciliation.
So we are ambassadors for Christ, as if God were appealing through us. We implore you on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God
Are we Saved? We are saved by Grace (a free gift) but not by faith alone.
For by grace you have been saved through faith, and this is not from you; it is the gift of God
1 Tim 2:5
For there is one God.
There is also one mediator between God and the human race, Christ Jesus, himself human
1 Cor 3:9 (we are part of God’s plan of salvation)
For we are God’s co-workers; you are God’s field, God’s building.
James 2:14, 17
What good is it, my brothers, if someone says he has faith but does not have works? Can that faith save him?
So also faith of itself, if it does not have works, is dead
See how a person is justified by works and not by faith alone.
Gal 6:1-2 (live our faith by doing acts of love)
Brothers, even if a person is caught in some transgression, you who are spiritual should correct that one in a gentle spirit, looking to yourself, so that you also may not be tempted.
Bear one another’s burdens, and so you will fulfill the law of Christ
Rom 2:6-7 (rewards of eternal life)
who will repay everyone according to his works:
eternal life to those who seek glory, honor, and immortality through perseverance in good works,
Gal 6:6-10 (acts of love, promise of rewards in eternal life)
One who is being instructed in the word should share all good things with his instructor.
Make no mistake: God is not mocked, for a person will reap only what he sows,
because the one who sows for his flesh will reap corruption from the flesh, but the one who sows for the spirit will reap eternal life from the spirit.f
Let us not grow tired of doing good, for in due time we shall reap our harvest, if we do not give up.
So then, while we have the opportunity, let us do good to all, but especially to those who belong to the family of the faith.
Luke 6:46 (not just faith but obey)
“Why do you call me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ but not do what I command?
Matt 7:21-23 (not just faith but obey)
“Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven,* but only the one who does the will of my Father in heaven.
Many will say to me on that day, ‘Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name? Did we not drive out demons in your name? Did we not do mighty deeds in your name?’
Then I will declare to them solemnly, ‘I never knew you.* Depart from me, you evildoers.
Matt 19:16-21 (be obedient and follow his commandments)
Now someone approached him and said, “Teacher, what good must I do to gain eternal life?”*
He answered him, “Why do you ask me about the good? There is only One who is good.* If you wish to enter into life, keep the commandments.”
* i He asked him, “Which ones?” And Jesus replied, “ ‘You shall not kill; you shall not commit adultery; you shall not steal; you shall not bear false witness;
honor your father and your mother’; and ‘you shall love your neighbor as yourself.’”
* The young man said to him, “All of these I have observed. What do I still lack?”
Jesus said to him, “If you wish to be perfect,* go, sell what you have and give to [the] poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come, follow me.”